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Jhajjar
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The Sultanate of Delhi established in 1206 depended on the support of Muslim nobles. Jhajjar was also a Muslim State and on account of its nearness to Delhi, the area of Rohtak-Jhajjar influenced the struggles among the aspirants for the throne of Delhi. One instance in this regard supports the above statement. Towards the end of the Tughlaq period just before the invasion of Timur, the nobles of Delhi and Haryana were sharply divided in their loyalties towards the rival claimants to the throne. One group supported Mahmud Shah at Delhi but the Amirs of Ferozabad, Panipat and Jhajjar favoured Nusrat Shah who set-up a rival court at Firozabad close to Delhi1. With the decline of the Mughal empire, the territorial ambitions were let loose. The Maratha Chieftains Holkar and Sindhia were vigorously engaged in extending their territories in this area. Emperor Shah Alam-II also followed this course when he visited the various parts of Rohtak district. In his campaign of collection of revenue, he (Mughal Prince) alongwith Marathas came to restore his outpost at Jhajjar2.

Suraj Mal, the then ruler of the Bharatpur State dislodged the Nawab of Farrukhnagar from his estate. Later while Jhajjar passed into hands of Walter Reinhardt, husband of Begum Samru of Sardana. Now we should turn our attention to the colourful personality of George Thomas who carved out a principality in Haryana in 1798 including Beri, Meham & Jhajjar. George Thomas came to India in 1780-81 and remained in the service of Begum Samru before being adopted by Appa KandeRao as his son. The Maratha chieftain operating under the overlordship of Mahadji Sindhia gave the parganas of Jhajjar and Beri to George Thomas in return for the forces which he was required to maintain. It was a gift only in name. In the beginning George Thomas only succeeded in obtaining possession of Beri; eventually, he asserted his authority over the adjacent territory and made Jhajjar his headquarters. In the end, this area came under Marathas under Sindhia.

The rising power of Sindhia in North India was completely broken by the British under General Lake in the Second Maratha war. As a consequence, the area passed on to the British rulers . Lord Lake established a number of estates to serve buffer outposts between the British border and the Sikhs. Territories were thus granted to the Chiefs of Dujana, Jhajjar and Bahadurgarh. General Lake granted Jhajjar and Bahadurgarh to Nawab Nijabat Ali Khan, a leader of free lancers who like Abd-us-Samad Khan had also transferred his allegiance to the British. The Bahadurgarh Jagir was included in the Jhajjar estate.
During the movement of 1857, Abd-ur-Rahman Khan, Nawab of Jhajjar, was suspected of having abetted the freedom fighters and others who were waging war against the British Government. The Jhajjar territory was placed under the management of Col. Lawrence pending the result of Nawab's trial. Having been found guilty, the Nawab was sentenced to be hanged. He was executed on the 23rd December in front of the Red Fort and his body was consigned to the ignominy of a nameless pit.
Haryana as a State was created on November 1, 1966. In 1968, Sirsa tahsil was bifurcated into Sirsa and Dabwali tahsils and Bhiwani tahsil was bifurcated into Bhiwani and Loharu. The above administrative arrangement continued till 1972 when whole of Loharu and Bhiwani tahsils, 32 villages of Hansi and 17 villages of Hissar tahsils were excluded and included in the then formed Bhiwani district2. Tohana sub-tahsil of the Hissar tahsil was upgraded to a tahsil in 1972.

Bahadur Jang Khan, Nawab of Bahadurgarh was at Charkhi-Dadri in May, 1857 and remained there until he surrendered to the British like his cousin, the Nawab of Jhajjar. The Nawab of Bahadurgarh assisted the freedom fighters indirectly. Keeping into the consideration of his old age, it was decided not to try him for life but to confiscate his possessions. Nawab was removed to Lahore where he was given a pension of Rs. 1,000 a month. The district of Rohtak including Jhajjar areas together with the rest of the Delhi and Hissar divisions were detached from North-Western Provinces after 1857 and passed on to the Punjab by the Government of India Notification No. 606 of the 13th April, 1858. After transfer to the Punjab, Rohtak district experienced several changes before assuming its final form. Bahadurgarh estates were added to the Sampla tahsil. Jhajjar, including some areas of Narnaul, Kanaudh and Dadri was at first created as a new district but was abolished shortly afterwards in 1860 when parts of it were assigned to the Phulkian Chiefs as a reward for their loyal services. While the Jhajjar tahsil it- self was added to Rohtak district. As already said, Bahadurgarh was added to Rohtak district in 1860.On the abolition of the Hissar division in 1884, the Rohtak district including Jhajjar areas was transferred to the Delhi division. In 1908 Bahadurgarh area was a part of Sampla tahsil. The Rohtak district consisted of four tahsils, Rohtak, Gohana, Jhajjar and Sampla but in April, 1910 the last named tahsil was abolished for reasons of administrative economy, and its area was divided between the Rohtak and Jhajjar tahsils. Thereafter, the Jhajjar areas including Rohtak district was then attached to the Ambala division. In 1948, Dujana State was merged in Jhajjar tahsil and a new sub-tahsil of Nahar was created.

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